A nuclear electromagnetic pulse is also known as EMP or NEMP is a burst of electromagnetic radiation created by nuclear explosion. There are various different fighting devices that have been designed t o cause this electromagnetic burst. These burst are invisible they occur naturally in nature during a lightning strike and hence cause electrical disruptions nearby. Nationwide blackout of the electric power grid, and a shutdown of critical infrastructure reliant on the grid these are the possible outcomes incase the nuclear bursts happens.
Detonation of a nuclear bomb, solar flare, a device intended to cause an EMP, close lightning stroke and finally a massive powerline short circuit are some of the factors that may cause electromagnetic bursts. Nuclear explosions do not happen at any time unless it is a terrorist attack. Solar flare though it does not cause damages it is a common occurrence. Computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others are some of the electronic devices that are prone to electromagnetic burst. Not all electronic appliances are prone the electromagnetic bursts some are actually very immune they include computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others.
Electricity is the most reliable source of energy as compared to other energy source it is used in every industry communication, security, food processing production and preservation in both commercial and domestic sector. A duration after the electromagnetic bursts it is like the old times before the invention of electricity hence people should repair their non electrical equipments for use during this time. A void the use of semiconductors where possible, If semiconductors are used make sure they are rated to maximum voltages and currents at least ten times . Use large ferrite beads on power wiring, provide battery backup power for essential equipments. Faraday bag is another good option that people can use this is a cage built and designed inorder to protect the equipments that stored inside it. Use of CB radios and walkie talkies to communicate. It is advisable to use ones own source of power by use of other energy sources like use of biogas and solar panels among others. Grow food crops to get a food supply source. It is advisable not to rely on food production industries to avoid running out of food.
Various measures should be put into place to avoid damage that is brought about by the electromagnetic burst such include shield wiring connected to sensitive equipments or enclose wiring in metal conguits, fuse long wires and cables, increase the current carrying capacity of the building ground.